The Culm Grassland of Dunsdon Farm and the adjoining National Nature Reserve is a rare and most important example of a type of pasture known locally as Culm grassland. Culm grassland is a marshy, heathy vegetation that occurs across parts of north western Devon.

Flora

Meadow Thistle
Devil’s-bit scabious
Heath Spotted Orchid
Southern Marsh Orchid
Black Knapweed
Creeping Willow
Meadowsweet
Sneezewort
Wild Angelica
Ragged Robin
Saw-Wort
Cross-Leaved Heath
Bog Asphodel
Sedges (Variety)
Bladder Birch Lichen (woods)

Rare Plants
Butterfly Orchid
Wavy-Leaved St. John’s -Wort
Petty Whin
Whorled Caraway

Fauna

26 Butterfly species, inc:
Marsh Fritillary
Marbled White
Silver-Washed Fritillary
Common Blue
Purple Hairstreak

Narrow Bordered
Bee Hawk Moth
Dragonflies
Damsel Flies
Broad Bodied Chaser
Golden-Ringed Dragonfly
Common Darter
Banded Demoiselle
Hoverfly’s
Sciomyzid Flies

Fauna

Heron
Buzzard
Sparrowhawk
Skylark
Song Thrush
Spotted Flycatcher
Willow Tit
Reed Bunting
Tree Pipit
Willow Warbler
Garden Warbler
Grasshopper Warbler
Snipe (winter)
Short Eared Owl (winter)
Woodcock
Barn Owls

Fox
Badger
Roe Deer
Dormice
Field Voles


Re-connecting the Culm
The culm measures provide home to a diverse habitat, rich in wild flowers and which support an immense range of other wildlife, not often seen in other areas.

Purple moor grass, the tussocky deciduous grass characterises the open areas of Dunsdon, showing a distinctively pale brown colour in winter, interspersed with soft and sharp flowered rush. The wet woodland and scrub areas are dominated by grey and eared willow with alder and birch, oak, hazel and ash on the hedge banks.
 
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